Elementary assets

The 40 developmental assets for middle childhood are helpful with children in grades 4 through 6. If you would like to print this list to share with your family or post in your house, go to https://www.search-institute.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/AssetChecklist.pdf.

Asset Category
Asset Name Asset Definition
EXTERNAL ASSETS

Support

1.
Family support Family life provides high levels of love and support.
2.

Positive family communication

Parent(s) and child communicate positively. Child feels comfortable seeking advice and counsel from parent(s).
3.

Other adult relationships

Child receives support from adults other than her or his parent(s).
4.

Caring neighborhood

Child experiences caring neighbors.
5.

Caring school climate

Relationships with teachers and peers provide a caring, encouraging school environment.
6.

Parent involvement in schooling

Parent(s) are actively involved in helping the child succeed in school.

Empowerment

7.
Community values children


Child feels valued and appreciated by adults in the community.
8.
Children as resources Child is included in decisions at home and in the community.
9.
Service to others Child has opportunities to help others in the community.
10.
Safety Child feels safe at home, at school, and in her or his neighborhood.

Boundaries and expectations

11.
Family boundaries Family has clear and consistent rules and consequences and monitors the child's whereabouts.
12.
School boundaries School provides clear rules and consequences.
13.
Neighborhood boundaries
Neighbors take responsibility for monitoring the child's behavior.
14.
Adult role models
Parent(s) and other adults in the child's family, as well as non-family adults, model positive, responsible behavior.
15.
Positive peer influence
Child's closest friends model positive, responsible behavior.
16.
High expectations Parent(s) and teachers expect the child to do her or his best at school and in other activities.

Constructive use of time

17.
Creative activities


Child participates in music, art, drama, or creative writing two or more times per week.
18.
Child programs Child participates two or more times per week in co-curricular school activities or structured community programs for children.
19.
Religious community Child attends religious programs or services one or more times per week.
20.
Time at home Child spends some time most days both in high-quality interaction with parents and doing things at home other than watching TV or playing video games.
INTERNAL ASSETS

Commitment to learning

21.
Achievement motivation Child is motivated and strives to do well in school.
22.
Learning engagement Child is responsive, attentive, and actively engaged in learning at school and enjoys participating in learning activities outside of school.
23.
Homework Child usually hands in homework on time.
24.
Bonding to adults at school Child cares about teachers and other adults at school.
25.
Reading for pleasure Child enjoys and engages in reading for fun most days of the week.

Positive values

26.
Caring Parent(s) tell the child it is important to help other people.
27.
Equality and social justice Parent(s) tell the child it is important to speak up for equal rights for all people.
28.
Integrity Parent(s) tell the child it is important to stand up for one's beliefs.
29.
Honesty Parent(s) tell the child it is important to tell the truth.
30.
Responsibility Parent(s) tell the child it is important to accept personal responsibility for behavior.
31.
Healthy lifestyle Parent(s) tell the child it is important to have good health habits and an understanding of healthy sexuality.

Social competencies

32.
Planning and decision making Child thinks about decisions and is usually happy with results of her or his decisions.
33.
Interpersonal competence Child cares about and is affected by other people's feelings, enjoys making friends, and, when frustrated or angry, tries to calm her- or himself.
34.
Cultural competence Child knows and is comfortable with people of different racial, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds and with her or his own cultural identity.
35.
Resistance skills Child can stay away from people who are likely to get her or him in trouble and is able to say no to doing wrong or dangerous things.
36.
Peaceful conflict resolution Child attempts to resolve conflict nonviolently.

Positive identity

37.
Personal power
Child feels he or she has some influence over things that happen in her or his life.
38.
Self-esteem Child likes and is proud to be the person he or she is.
39.
Sense of purpose Child sometimes thinks about what life means and whether there is a purpose for her or his life.
40.
Positive view of personal future Child is optimistic about her or his personal future.

The 40 assets were developed based on extensive review of the theory, research, and practice base for childhood development by the Search Institute. Copyright 2003, 2006 by Search Institute. All rights reserved. This chart may be reproduced for educational, noncommercial use only (with this copyright line).

The middle childhood assets can be linked to the Developmental Assets framework for early childhood and the youth Developmental Assets framework to create a practical and unified approach to the healthy growth across the first two decades of life. If you would like to see the assets list for young children, ages 3 to 5, go to http://page.search-institute.org/40-developmental-assets.